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Documentary Evidence – Fourteenth Edition


Author: Charles Hollander, QC
Published: 2021
Publisher: Sweet & Maxwell
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 978-0-414-09202-0

SKU: 9780414092020 Category:
Now in its 14th edition, Documentary Evidence is a comprehensive guide to the legal obligations of disclosure. Logically presented and lucidly written, it provides detailed analysis and sensible practical advice. Following a chronological structure, it shows when and how a practitioner should take action in relation to the obligation to disclose. It is a standard work that is often cited in court judgments.
Under the Civil Procedure Rules the parties to an action are encouraged to adopt a “cards-on-the-table” approach toward the exchange of information, not just once litigation has commenced but before as well. It is likely in the early stages that a few documents will be identified as being relevant or key to the matter at hand. These will be used to provide advice as to the merit or not of proceeding with the dispute. If the decision is taken to proceed, the law imposes a requirement to make full and proper disclosure, which is the process whereby the parties to an action disclose to each other all documents in their possession, custody or power relating to matters in question in the action. This title deals with the nature and scope of the obligation to disclose.


Documentary Evidence:
  • Provides a comprehensive guide to the principles, obligations and protections of disclosure, legal professional privilege and other aspects of evidence in the form of documents
  • Authored by a renowned QC, provides detailed analysis, practical advice and robust views often derived from cases in which he has been personally involved
  • Is regularly cited in court, most recently in The Financial Reporting Council Limited v Sports Direct International Plc [2018] EWHC 2284 (Ch), R. (on the application of Ltd) v Civil Aviation Authority [2020] EWCA Civ 35 and Jofa Ltd v Benherst Finance Ltd [2019] EWCA Civ 899
  • Discusses in depth the key principles and problem areas of disclosure, and how to raise, or combat, the available defences against it
  • Is logically structured by following in chronological order the steps taken in conducting a case, showing the practitioner when and how to take action at each stage
  • Advises on how to obtain, assess and manage the documents needed and how to identify the key issues
  • Discusses how practices have changed consequent to the fact that most disclosure is now electronic disclosure and the challenges and opportunities presented by this
  • Analyses the extent of the powers of regulatory or public bodies to obtain or disclose documents
  • Discusses how the Civil Procedure Rules have affected the position on disclosure in important respects – from pre-action protocols and powers, to objections to disclosure and inspection, to the practicalities and problem areas of CPR disclosure, to the failure and abuse of disclosure obligations
  • Sets out the rights of access to documents, including those held by companies, trusts, partners, receivers and agents, as well as access to court documents, and the means by which data can be accessed
  • Explains fully the multi-faceted nature of legal professional privilege – what rights different types of privilege provide, their breadth and limits, when and how to claim or waive them
  • Explains the court’s power to exclude documentary evidence
  • Describes the issues and obligations of confidentiality, including the development of the “collateral undertaking”, or proscriptions against the misuse of information obtained through disclosure, both prior to and under the CPR
  • Discusses how to deal with international elements of a case, such as witnesses out of the jurisdiction, evidence in the jurisdiction for foreign proceedings, discovery proceedings abroad, documentary orders against foreign entities, the powers of and principles applied to by the English court, the application of foreign law, etc.
  • Includes individual chapters on Witness statements and other written evidence; Expert reports; The Civil Evidence Act 1995; and Powers of Investigation
What’s new for the 14th edition:
  • Rewritten and revised Chapters 6 (Access to Court Documents), 7 (Disclosure under CPR 31), 8 (The Disclosure Pilot) and 9 (Disclosure Principles)
  • Coverage of much new case law including Dring v Cape Intermediate Holdings plc, Arcelormittal USA LLC v Essar Global Funds Ltd, Volaw Trust & Corporate Services Ltd v Office of Comptroller of Taxes (Jersey), WH Holdings Ltd v E20 Stadium LLP, Glencore International AG v Commissioners of Tax for Australia and PJSC Tatneft v Bogolyubov.


  • Ch 1 Pre-Action Disclosure from the Opposing Party
  • Ch 2 Early Disclosure
  • Ch 3 Disclosure from Non-Parties and Witnesses
  • Ch 4 Norwich Pharmacal
  • Ch 5 Other Rights of Access to Documents
  • Ch 6 Access to Court Documents
  • Ch 7 Disclosure under CPR 31 
  • Ch 8 The Disclosure Pilot 
  • Ch 9 Disclosure Principles 
  • Ch 10 Confidentiality and Disclosure
  • Ch 11 Failure and Abuse of Disclosure Obligations
  • Ch 12 Privilege: A Fundamental Right
  • Ch 13 Privilege: General Principles
  • Ch 14 Privilege: Whose Communications?
  • Ch 15 Claiming Privilege
  • Ch 16 Privilege: Problem Areas
  • Ch 17 Legal Advice Privilege 
  • Ch 18 Litigation Privilege
  • Ch 19 Privilege Deriving from Joint and Common Interests
  • Ch 20 Without Prejudice Privilege
  • Ch 21 Privilege Against Self-Incrimination
  • Ch 22 Public Interest Immunity
  • Ch 23 Waiver of Privilege
  • Ch 24 Limited and Implied Waiver
  • Ch 25 Loss of Privilege through Inadvertence and Fraud
  • Ch 26 Funding: Disclosure and Privilege
  • Ch 27 Exclusion of Documentary Evidence
  • Ch 28 The Collateral Undertaking
  • Ch 29 The International Element
  • Ch 30 Witness Statements
  • Ch 31 Expert Reports
  • Ch 32 The Civil Evidence Act 1995
  • Ch 33 Powers of Investigation